Archives

  • Ancient echoes in a climate of change

    People in Arabia adapted to extreme climate changes over the past 12,000 years with a flexibility perhaps needed for our future.

    7 April 2020; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2020.48

  • Fossils tell tale of wetter Sahara

    Hunter-gatherers and nomadic herders in the Libyan Sahara ate a large amount of fish some 10,000 years ago.

    19 February 2020; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2020.28

  • Egypt’s reef economy under threat

    Egypt’s coral reef economy could be hit hard through climate change and local mismanagement.

    17 January 2020; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2020.6

  • Finding solutions for cities on the frontline of climate change

    Participants at the COP25 in Madrid need to demonstrate a strong commitment to ensuring that the world’s cities become part of the solution, instead of the problem, for climate change, say IDRC’s Dominique Charron and Barbara Shenstone1 .

    5 December 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.160

  • Evolutionary climate control

    By combining biological, physiological and environmental data, researchers gain new insights into how climatic factors have influenced the rate and extent of lizard evolution.

    2 October 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.133

  • A solid approach to carbon recycling

    Efficient conversion of carbon dioxide into pure liquid fuels can be achieved by using solid electrolytes, instead of liquid.

    2 September 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.124

  • Polar winds stir desert dust

    Severe dust storms over the Middle East have been traced back to atmospheric events at the top of the world.

    30 August 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.123

  • Seaweed carries carbon into the deep

    Transport of macroalgae far into the oceans contributes significantly to marine carbon sequestration.

    21 August 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.114

  • Protecting nature’s waste managers

    Arabian Gulf countries are a vulture stronghold. Efforts are needed to keep it that way, say conservationists.1  

    28 May 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.80

  • The catch with carbon catching

    Capturing the carbon dioxide released by fossil fuel power plants is a poor alternative to renewable energy options.

    8 April 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.50

  • Feeding future generations in a shifting climate

    Preventing further rises of greenhouse gas emissions could limit significant changes in global precipitation, but adaptations are needed now to ensure global food and water security.

    13 March 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.35

  • Huge solar storm kept on ice

    A study of ancient ice cores and tree rings reveals that a powerful burst of high-energy protons from the Sun hit Earth about 2,700 years ago. 

    13 March 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.36

  • Feeding the Anthropocene: A Q&A with Rami Zurayk

    A report calls for the reshuffle of food production and diets to improve people and planetary health. Rami Zurayk, a Lebanese soil scientist involved in drafting the report, tells us what it means for the Middle East’s diet and food production.

    28 January 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.11

  • Warning on desalination's risks to marine life 

    UN-led research highlights flood of brine discharge from Middle Eastern desalination plants, but some experts claim there’s a bigger picture.

    28 January 2019; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2019.12

  • A coral disease alert system

    Chemicals that diffuse from coral surfaces into the surrounding seawater could be used as indicators of coral health.

    6 November 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.140

  • Taller plants on the tundra

    Understanding vegetation changes on the tundra could improve predictions on the impacts of climate change.

    9 October 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.125

  • Using Bitcoin technology to combat climate change

    Paris Agreement success could benefit from blockchain solutions, says Jon Truby1 , director of Qatar University’s Centre for Law and Development.

    19 September 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.111

  • Science highlights

    Listen to Pakinam Amer present the latest in science news in the Arab world. 

    16 July 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.74

  • Sinai wild bees under threat

    Scientists warn against the negative impact of honeybees’ introduction on wild bees and native plants in South Sinai.

    26 February 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.21

  • Behind the creation of “Ocean One”

    How a KAUST marine biologist teamed up with a Stanford robotics expert to design the world's first humanoid submarine robotic diver.

    19 February 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.18

  • A ministry for change

    This is how the UAE is managing its scarce natural resources in the face of harsh environmental conditions.

    21 January 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.6

  • Oxygen loss strains marine ecosystems

    A new review highlights the impact of declining oxygen levels in the open ocean and coastal waters due to increasing temperatures and nutrient discharge.

    13 January 2018; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2018.2

  • Navigating water shortage in the Arab Middle East

    Peter Rogers, Gordon McKay research professor of environmental engineering and professor of city and regional planning at Harvard University, entertains the scenario of a region without freshwater. 

    20 December 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.171

  • Water scarcity predicted to worsen

    Changing weather patterns in the Middle Eastern region will impact the availability of fresh water.

    20 December 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.172

  • From Crisis to Opportunity

    Producing enough freshwater in today’s Middle East and North Africa can be a difficult, energy-intensive task, which makes it difficult to grow enough food to supply the burgeoning population.

    20 December 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.173

  • Return to the sea

    Seawater and saltwater ecosystems offer promise for a region running out of freshwater supplies.

    20 December 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.174

  • Mangrove warriors

    Mangroves are saltwater-tolerant, natural carbon reservoirs; this Arab visual artist is trying to save them.

    20 December 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.175

  • Corrugated, bendable solar cells

    Scientists invent ultra-flexible solar cells to harness the sun’s energy.

    19 December 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.167

  • A dim future under bright nights

    Humans are “voracious users of artificial lighting” and it’s getting worse.

    30 November 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.164

  • Dividing the Nile

    Conflict over Nile water is rooted in population growth and poor soil productivity.

    30 November 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.165

  • Loss of night

    Earth's nights are getting brighter, and it's bad news for everyone.

    29 November 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.163

  • Volcanic Nile flooding

    Changes in summer flooding of the Nile are driven by volcanoes as far away as Iceland.

    25 October 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.151

  • Seawater-grown food

    An agricultural endeavor in Aqaba is using saltwater to alleviate Jordan's strain on food, energy and freshwater production.

    30 September 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.143

  • Blooming under heat

    The results of simulations of an ocean warming scenario are at odds with the Metabolic Theory of Ecology.

    27 September 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.140

  • Measuring sunlight

    A new software-based tool can forecast the intensity of sunlight across different geographical locations.

    13 September 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.137

  • In support of a science visionary

    Ismail Serageldin, former director of the Alexandria library and renowned international figure, is sentenced to prison following retirement.

    31 August 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.133

  • Remote reefs

    Scientists use satellites to get a more complete view of Red Sea coral reefs — and what they observe is fascinating.

    30 August 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.131

  • Homing in on a stress-busting molecule

    New research unveils the mechanism by which corals-associated algae cope with highly saline waters.

    28 August 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.129

  • Underwater fairy rings

    What are those mysterious patches of bare land cropping out in green meadows under the sea?

    9 August 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.120

  • Green metal organic frameworks

    Scientists have developed an eco-friendly material that can be used as a biodegradable pesticide carrier.

    6 July 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.112

  • Keeping up with droughts

    Jordan is trying a new software for better drought management.

    5 May 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.79

  • The dust menace

    How dangerous are dust storms that transport microbial communities across countries?

    27 April 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.76

  • Arctic garbage patch

    Trillions of small pieces of floating plastic are coagulating in remote waters near the frozen north.

    25 April 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.75

  • Drilling the Dead Sea

    Dead Sea drill cores reveal worrying insights into ancient climate.

    20 April 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.70

  • Keeping an eye on polio

    Early detection of polio is possible, thanks to a new algorithm.

    19 April 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.69

  • Laying down a carbon law

    Scientists have developed a roadmap for carbon emissions reduction, but it will be a hard sell in some Middle Eastern countries.

    10 April 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.63

  • Crop trade depletes global groundwater

    The import and export of crops drawing on groundwater is threatening food and water security in the Middle East and elsewhere.

    6 April 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.58

  • Africa’s low-carbon future?

    A new study identifies low-cost, low-impact, and highly accessible wind and solar electricity resources in 21 African countries.

    29 March 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.54

  • Mapping dengue fever in the Middle East

    An underreported mosquito-borne disease is wreaking havoc across Egypt and the region but few are paying attention.

    27 March 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.53

  • Microbes help corals take the heat

    New study sheds light on bacterial community dynamics and patterns of corals' heat-resilience.

    6 March 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.42

  • More than a grain of truth

    Geophysics and geoarchaeology uncovers sacred landscape of the Nile.

    28 February 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.39

  • Save and grow

    Water scarcity and depleted soils are forcing the region to find sustainable ways to make use of its vast wastelands and water from the sea.

    9 February 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.28

  • Making best use of a tolerant crop

    The complexity of quinoa’s genome brings the promise of improving and expanding crops in hostile environments previously unfit for agriculture.

    9 February 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.29

  • Urban living is starving the fertile land

    Increased urbanization of Egypt’s agricultural lands is damaging agricultural production, a new study warns.

    9 February 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.30

  • Solutions in salt

    Off the the western coast of the United Arab Emirates is a unique facility that aims to find new ways to help address the region’s food and energy demands.

    9 February 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.31

  • A bittersweet crop

    Quinoa is a promising crop packed in a bitter shell, but can this super food become a staple in this region?

    9 February 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.32

  • Wind, sand and speculation

    The shamal of 2015 was down to hot dry weather and unusual easterly wind patterns, not war in Syria. But is this a sign of things to come?

    28 January 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.25

  • Will the songbirds keep singing?

    By the end of the century birds migrating farthest south for winter will find it hard to find food.

    11 January 2017; | doi:10.1038/nmiddleeast.2017.1