21 March 2019
Ultrathin nanotubes for harnessing solar energy
Published online 26 July 2015
Researchers create ultrathin nanotubes that can be used in solar cells.
A research team from Egypt and Qatar synthesized semiconducting ultrathin nanotubes made of titanium dioxide that generate light-induced current when exposed to simulated sunlight.
The thin-walled tubes can be potentially useful for manufacturing solar cells.
Nageh Allam and his colleagues from The American University in Cairo and Qatar University have produced the nanotubes by oxidizing titanium in a mixture of two electrolytes — glycerol and water. The nanotubes were vertically aligned, with wall thicknesses between 3 and 5 nm.
Light is known to induce photocurrent in semiconductors by knocking out loosely bound electrons. Such displacements of electrons create holes, generating positive charges. Electrons and holes move in opposite directions, generating a current which can be collected using metal electrodes.
The scientists compared the photocurrent induced from simulated sunlight from a xenon lamp in thin-walled nanotubes with that of thick-walled nanotubes and found that the former produced photocurrents almost twice as strong as that in thick-walled nanotubes.
The researchers believe this photocurrent could be harnessed to split water in an electrolyte solution; the holes simply diffuse through ultrathin tube walls to the interface between the semiconductor and the electrolyte.
“In the future, the thin-walled nanotubes could be used to make biosensors and drug-delivery systems,” says Allam.
- Mohammed, A. M. et al. TiO2 nanotubes with ultrathin walls for enhanced water splitting. Chem. Commun. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5CC04539H (2015).