Reform the Antarctic Treaty p.161

Political protection for the planet’s last great wilderness is no longer fit for purpose. Make its governance democratic: scrap the veto that lets individual interests rule.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05368-7

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China sets a strong example on how to address scientific fraud p.162

New measures introduce what could be the world’s strongest disincentive for misconduct so far.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05417-1

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The phrase ‘necessary and sufficient’ blamed for flawed neuroscience p.162

Muddled language can lead scientists in the wrong direction, neurobiologists claim.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05418-0

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FARC and the forest: Peace is destroying Colombia’s jungle — and opening it to science p.169

As loggers and miners move into previously inaccessible regions, researchers are pooling knowledge about the country’s ecosystems.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05397-2

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China introduces sweeping reforms to crack down on academic misconduct p.171

Initiatives include a national list of cases, a blacklist of ‘poor quality’ journals and a government agency that is responsible for policing misconduct.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05359-8

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Speedy Ebola tests help contain Africa’s latest outbreak p.172

Health workers battling Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo can diagnose the virus in hours, instead of days.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05389-2

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Sucking carbon dioxide from air is cheaper than scientists thought p.173

Estimated cost of geoengineering technology to fight climate change has plunged since a 2011 analysis.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05357-w

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Faecal transplants could help preserve vulnerable species p.173

New gut bacteria can expand the diet of animals like koalas and rhinoceroses.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05352-1

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News Features


The battle behind the periodic table’s latest additions p.175


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05371-y

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News & Views


Quantum physics: On-demand entanglement could lead to scalable quantum networks p.192


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05336-1

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Immunology: Tumour tamed by transfer of one T cell p.193


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05251-5

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Biophysics: Enzymes can adapt to cold by wiggling regions far from their active site p.195


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05302-x

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Climate change: How humans and rising seas affect each other p.196


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05366-9

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Gene regulation: Transcription regulation enters a new phase p.197


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05244-4

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Environment and host as large-scale controls of ectomycorrhizal fungi p.243

Analyses of data from 137 forest plots across 20 European countries show that ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity is strongly influenced by environmental and host species factors and provide thresholds to inform ecosystem assessment tools

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0189-9

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Visualizing late states of human 40S ribosomal subunit maturation p.249

Cryo-EM structures of late intermediates in the assembly of human 40S ribosomal subunits help to define the principles by which immature rRNA conformations and ribosomal biogenesis factors shape the 40S maturation process.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0193-0

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Structure of a volume-regulated anion channel of the LRRC8 family p.254

The structure of a homomeric channel of subunit A of leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 8 (LRRC8) determined by cryo-electron microscopy and X-ray crystallography reveals the basis for anion selectivity.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0134-y

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Stellar populations dominated by massive stars in dusty starburst galaxies across cosmic time p.260

Observations of 13CO and C18O emission from four dusty starburst galaxies at redshifts of approximately two to three reveal that massive stars are more numerous in starburst events than in ordinary star-forming spiral galaxies.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0196-x

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Deterministic quantum state transfer and remote entanglement using microwave photons p.264

Deterministic quantum state transfer and entanglement generation is demonstrated between superconducting qubits on distant chips using single photons.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0195-y

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Deterministic delivery of remote entanglement on a quantum network p.268

Remote deterministic spin–spin entanglement is achieved using nitrogen–vacancy centres in diamonds and a single-photon entangling protocol, with much improved entangling rates compared to previously used two-photon protocols.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0200-5

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Printing ferromagnetic domains for untethered fast-transforming soft materials p.274

Programmed ferromagnetic domains are 3D-printed into soft materials capable of fast transformations between complex three-dimensional shapes via magnetic actuation.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0185-0

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Velocity-resolved kinetics of site-specific carbon monoxide oxidation on platinum surfaces p.280

The catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide over platinum proceeds through two distinct channels: it is dominated at low temperatures by the more active step sites and at high temperatures by the more abundant terrace sites of the platinum surface.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0188-x

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Minimal East Antarctic Ice Sheet retreat onto land during the past eight million years p.284

Analysis of cosmogenic isotopes from a marine sediment core shows that much of the land-based East Antarctic Ice Sheet has remained stable for the past eight million years, including during the warm Pliocene epoch.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0155-6

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Rapid recovery of life at ground zero of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction p.288

Micro- and nannofossil, trace fossil and geochemical evidence from the Chicxulub impact crater demonstrates that proximity to the asteroid impact site did not determine rates of recovery of marine ecosystems after the end-Cretaceous mass extinction.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0163-6

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Parallel emergence of stable and dynamic memory engrams in the hippocampus p.292

Imaging of hippocampal neuron activity in mice performing a memory task across several days identifies both stable and dynamic memory engrams.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0191-2

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A molecular rheostat adjusts auxin flux to promote root protophloem differentiation p.297

The coordinated action of BREVIS RADIX (BRX) and PROTEIN KINASE ASSOCIATED WITH BRX (PAX) regulates auxin flux during the development of protophloem sieve elements in the root meristem of Arabidopsis.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0186-z

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Oxidized phospholipids are proinflammatory and proatherogenic in hypercholesterolaemic mice p.301

A single-chain variable fragment of the antibody E06, which binds to the phosphocholine headgroup of oxidized phospholipids, blocks the uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein by macrophages, and reduces inflammation and atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolaemic mice.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0198-8

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Disruption of TET2 promotes the therapeutic efficacy of CD19-targeted T cells p.307

Genetically engineered T cells that induced remission in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia were found to have disruption of the TET2 gene, which caused T cell changes that potentiated their anti-tumour effects.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0178-z

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EMI1 switches from being a substrate to an inhibitor of APC/CCDH1 to start the cell cycle p.313

The transition between early mitotic inhibitor 1 acting as a substrate of the APC/C and as an inhibitor of the same complex results in an irreversible switch that mediates human cell-cycle commitment.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0199-7

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Phase-separation mechanism for C-terminal hyperphosphorylation of RNA polymerase II p.318

The histidine-rich domain of cyclin T1 promotes phase separation into liquid droplets, which facilitates the hyperphosphorylation of the C-terminal domain repeats of RNA polymerase II.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0174-3

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Dynamic allostery can drive cold adaptation in enzymes p.324

By engineering entropy-tuning changes into distal sites of a bacterial adenylate kinase, an allosteric tuning mechanism based on protein dynamics is revealed.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0183-2

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