Volume 555 Number 7695



Learn to tell science stories p.141

Ocean researchers are among those inspired by science fiction to tell diverse tales of the future.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02740-5


Chinese project offers a brighter farming future p.141

A massive, decade-long experiment involving millions of Chinese farmers demonstrates an evidence-based approach to sustainability.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02742-3


Does your code stand up to scrutiny? p.142

Nature journals encourage researchers who submit papers that rely on bespoke software to provide the programs for peer review.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02741-4



US scientists plot return to the Moon's surface p.149

Lunar researchers want to take advantage of Trump administration’s political interest.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02697-5


EU expected to vote on pesticide ban after major scientific review p.150

Survey of more than 1,500 studies concludes that neonicotinoids harm bees.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02639-1


Surprise graphene discovery could unlock secrets of superconductivity p.151

Physicists make misaligned sheets of the carbon material conduct electricity without resistance.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02773-w


China tests giant air cleaner to combat smog p.152

Prototype offers innovative solution to major public health problem.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02704-9


Canadian science wins billions in new budget p.153

Researchers pleased with unfettered funding for granting councils.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02529-6


Latest US weather satellite highlights forecasting challenges p.154

Researchers begin to tackle the technical obstacles to incorporate observations from space into weather models.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02630-w

News Features


Attack of the extreme floods p.156


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02745-0

News & Views


Planetary science: A deeper look at Jupiter p.168


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02612-y


Human behaviour: Simple moral code supports cooperation p.169


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02621-x


Structural biology: A new era of rationally designed antipsychotics p.170


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02328-z


Materials science: Transistors driven by superconductors p.172


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02717-4


Evolution: Mountains of diversity p.173


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02062-6



Meta-analysis and the science of research synthesis p.175

Meta-analysis—the quantitative, scientific synthesis of research results—has been both revolutionary and controversial, with rapid advances and broad implementation resulting in substantial scientific advances, but not without pitfalls.

doi: 10.1038/nature25753



GaN/NbN epitaxial semiconductor/superconductor heterostructures p.183

Group III/nitride semiconductors have been grown epitaxially on the superconductor niobium nitride, allowing the superconductor’s macroscopic quantum effects to be combined with the semiconductors’ electronic, photonic and piezoelectric properties.

doi: 10.1038/nature25768


The Beaker phenomenon and the genomic transformation of northwest Europe p.190

Genome-wide data from 400 individuals indicate that the initial spread of the Beaker archaeological complex between Iberia and central Europe was propelled by cultural diffusion, but that its spread into Britain involved a large-scale migration that permanently replaced about ninety per cent of the ancestry in the previously resident population.

doi: 10.1038/nature25738


The genomic history of southeastern Europe p.197

Genome-wide ancient DNA data from 225 individuals who lived in southeastern Europe between 12000 and 500 ʙᴄ reveals that the region acted as a genetic crossroads before and after the arrival of farming.

doi: 10.1038/nature25778


Hierarchical neural architecture underlying thirst regulation p.204

Thirst is regulated by hierarchical neural circuits in the lamina terminalis, and these integrate the instinctive need for water with consequent drinking behaviour to maintain internal water homeostasis.

doi: 10.1038/nature25488


Environment dominates over host genetics in shaping human gut microbiota p.210

Statistical analyses of a metagenomics-sequenced human cohort identify a relatively minor role for genetics in determining microbiome composition and show that several human phenotypes are as strongly associated with the gut microbiome as with host genetics.

doi: 10.1038/nature25973



Clusters of cyclones encircling Jupiter’s poles p.216

Visible and infrared images obtained from above each pole of Jupiter by the Juno spacecraft reveal polygonal patterns of large cyclones; it is unknown how these cyclones evolved, or how they persist without merging.

doi: 10.1038/nature25491


Measurement of Jupiter’s asymmetric gravity field p.220

Precise Doppler tracking of the Juno spacecraft in its polar orbit around Jupiter is used to determine the planet’s gravity harmonics, showing north–south asymmetry caused by atmospheric and interior flows.

doi: 10.1038/nature25776


Jupiter’s atmospheric jet streams extend thousands of kilometres deep p.223

The determination of Jupiter’s odd gravitational harmonics by the Juno spacecraft reveals that the observed jet streams extend to about three thousand kilometres below the cloud tops.

doi: 10.1038/nature25793


A suppression of differential rotation in Jupiter’s deep interior p.227

The determination of Jupiter’s even gravitational moments by the Juno spacecraft reveals that more than three thousand kilometres below the cloud tops, differential rotation is suppressed and the gas giant’s interior rotates as a solid body.

doi: 10.1038/nature25775


Monolayer atomic crystal molecular superlattices p.231

Superlattices consisting of alternating monolayer atomic crystals and molecular layers allow access to stable phosphorene monolayers with competitive transistor performance and to bulk monolayer materials with tunable optoelectronic properties.

doi: 10.1038/nature25774


CaSiO3 perovskite in diamond indicates the recycling of oceanic crust into the lower mantle p.237

The composition of natural calcium silicate perovskite, the fourth most abundant mineral in the Earth, found within a diamond indicates an origin from oceanic crust subducted deeper than 700 kilometres into the Earth’s mantle.

doi: 10.1038/nature25972


Social norm complexity and past reputations in the evolution of cooperation p.242

In a binary decision game in which players strategically help certain individuals but not others, simple moral principles maximize cooperation, even when including the historical reputations of players.

doi: 10.1038/nature25763


Global elevational diversity and diversification of birds p.246

A global study of all bird species in mountainous areas shows that richness decreases predictably with elevation, whereas diversification rates increase.

doi: 10.1038/nature25794


Regeneration of the lung alveolus by an evolutionarily conserved epithelial progenitor p.251

An evolutionarily conserved alveolar epithelial progenitor lineage that derives from alveolar type 2 cells is responsive to Wnt signalling and acts as a major facultative progenitor in regenerating the distal lung.

doi: 10.1038/nature25786

幹細胞:SMAD2/3のインタラクトームから明らかになった、多能性におけるTGFβのm6A mRNAメチル化の制御

The SMAD2/3 interactome reveals that TGFβ controls m6A mRNA methylation in pluripotency p.256

The SMAD2 and SMAD3 protein interactome links TGFβ signalling to diverse effectors including m6A methyltransferase, which has a role in regulating differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells.

doi: 10.1038/nature25784


Hierarchical roles of mitochondrial Papi and Zucchini in Bombyx germline piRNA biogenesis p.260

The biogenesis of piRNAs in the silkworm Bombyx is simpler than in Drosophila, with the exonucleases Trim and Nbr having no major role, and the endonuclease Zuc acting at the 3′ rather than the 5′ end.

doi: 10.1038/nature25788


The mechanism of eukaryotic CMG helicase activation p.265

In vitro experiments, using purified proteins and an assay that detects DNA unwinding, reveal the mechanism of activation of eukaryotic DNA replication.

doi: 10.1038/nature25787


Structure of the D2 dopamine receptor bound to the atypical antipsychotic drug risperidone p.269

An X-ray structure of the D2 dopamine receptor bound to the atypical antipsychotic drug risperidone reveals an extended binding pocket and indicates structural features that could be used to design drugs that specifically target the D2 receptor.

doi: 10.1038/nature25758

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