Volume 551 Number 7679



Too many academics study the same people p.141

Researchers should recognize communities that feel over-researched and under-rewarded.

doi: 10.1038/551141b


Skin regeneration with insights p.141

A feat in stem-cell therapy highlights what can be achieved when basic and clinical research combine to advance biological understanding and treatment.

doi: 10.1038/551141a


Grant recipients can still give objective advice p.142

The US environment agency should not ban researchers it funds from its advisory boards.

doi: 10.1038/551142a



Genetically modified apple reaches US stores, but will consumers bite? p.149

Success for the ‘Arctic apple’ could herald a new wave of lab-grown foods.

doi: 10.1038/551149a


Pay for US postdocs varies wildly by institution p.150

Analysis of universities' salary data suggests major disparities in pay for early-career researchers.

doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.22932


Newly discovered orangutan species is also the most endangered p.151

The first new species of great ape described in more than eight decades faces threats to its habitat.

doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.22934


US government report says that climate change is real — and humans are to blame p.152

Conclusions of climate-change science analysis are at odds with US President Donald Trump’s policies.

doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.22958


Energy researcher sues the US National Academy of Sciences for millions of dollars p.152

Rare move stems from a conflict over two journal articles about renewable energy.

doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.22944


Dark-matter hunt fails to find the elusive particles p.153

Physicists begin to embrace alternative explanations for the missing material.

doi: 10.1038/551153a

News Features

農薬:ネオニコ系 vs. ハナバチ

The bitter battle over the world’s most popular insecticides p.156


doi: 10.1038/551156a

News & Views


Brain technology: Neurons recorded en masse p.172


doi: 10.1038/551172a


Astronomy: The star that would not die p.173


doi: 10.1038/551173a


Epitranscriptomics: Shrinking maps of RNA modifications p.174


doi: 10.1038/nature24156


Chemical biology: Organic dyes for deep bioimaging p.176

スペクトルの短波長赤外域で蛍光を発する小分子有機色素によって、in vivo生体画像化法の分解能が改善される可能性がある。今回、可視光の蛍光を発する色素を改造して、そうした色素が作られた。

doi: 10.1038/nature24755


Physical chemistry: Ice niceties p.178


doi: 10.1038/551178a


Oceanography: Mixed up at the sea floor p.178


doi: 10.1038/551178b


Neurobiology: A genetic cause of age-related decline p.179


doi: 10.1038/551179a



Abyssal ocean overturning shaped by seafloor distribution p.181

The geometry of the ocean floor sets key regime transitions in the circulation of deep ocean waters.

doi: 10.1038/nature24472


Creation of forest edges has a global impact on forest vertebrates p.187

Fragmentation of forest ecosystems produces forest edges, which affect the distribution of many analysed vertebrate species; smaller-bodied amphibians, larger reptiles and medium-sized mammals experience a larger reduction in suitable habitat than other forest-core species.

doi: 10.1038/nature24457


Astrocytic neuroligins control astrocyte morphogenesis and synaptogenesis p.192

Astrocyte morphogenesis depends on interactions between astrocytic neuroligins and neuronal neurexins.

doi: 10.1038/nature24638


Genetic variation in glia–neuron signalling modulates ageing rate p.198

Identifying the gene polymorphisms that are the foundations of variation in glia–neuron signalling in Caenorhabditis elegans provides insight into highly variable age-related declines in worm behaviours.

doi: 10.1038/nature24463


Structures of transcription pre-initiation complex with TFIIH and Mediator p.204

Cryo-electron microscopy structures of the yeast pre-initiation complex (PIC) and its complex with core Mediator provide insights into the opening of promoter DNA and the initiation of transcription.

doi: 10.1038/nature24282



Energetic eruptions leading to a peculiar hydrogen-rich explosion of a massive star p.210

Observations of an event (several energetic eruptions leading to a terminal explosion that is surprisingly hydrogen-rich) with the spectrum of a supernova do not match with other observations of supernovae.

doi: 10.1038/nature24030


History-independent cyclic response of nanotwinned metals p.214

In copper components containing highly oriented nanotwins, correlated ‘necklace’ dislocations moving back and forth offer an unusually fatigue-resistant response to engineering stress.

doi: 10.1038/nature24266


Role of stacking disorder in ice nucleation p.218

Stacking-disordered ice crystallites are shown to have an ice nucleation rate much higher than predicted by classical nucleation theory, which needs to be taken into account in cloud modelling.

doi: 10.1038/nature24279


Detecting evolutionary forces in language change p.223

Analyses of digital corpora of annotated texts reveal the influence of stochastic drift versus selection in grammatical shifts in English and provide a general method for quantitatively testing theories of language change.

doi: 10.1038/nature24455


Kctd13 deletion reduces synaptic transmission via increased RhoA p.227

Experimental evidence that global Kctd13 reduction leads to increased RhoA levels that reduce synaptic transmission, implicating RhoA as a potential therapeutic target for neuropsychiatric disorders associated with copy-number variants that include KCTD13.

doi: 10.1038/nature24470


Fully integrated silicon probes for high-density recording of neural activity p.232

New silicon probes known as Neuropixels are shown to record from hundreds of neurons simultaneously in awake and freely moving rodents.

doi: 10.1038/nature24636


Ultra-selective looming detection from radial motion opponency p.237

The discovery of a visual-looming-sensitive neuron, LPLC2, that provides input to the Drosophila escape pathway, and uses dendrites patterned to integrate directionally selective inputs to selectively encode outward motion.

doi: 10.1038/nature24626


Nutrient co-limitation at the boundary of an oceanic gyre p.242

Nutrient amendment experiments at the boundary of the South Atlantic gyre reveal extensive regions in which nitrogen and iron are co-limiting, with other micronutrients also approaching co-deficiency; such limitations potentially increase phytoplankton community diversity.

doi: 10.1038/nature24063


Drug-tolerant persister cancer cells are vulnerable to GPX4 inhibition p.247

Cancer persister cells, which survive cytotoxic treatments, are shown to be sensitive to inhibition of the lipid hydroperoxidase GPX4.

doi: 10.1038/nature24297


The m1A landscape on cytosolic and mitochondrial mRNA at single-base resolution p.251

Transcriptome-wide mapping of N1-methyladenosine (m1A) at single-nucleotide resolution reveals m1A to be scarce in cytoplasmic mRNA, to inhibit translation, and to be highly dynamic at a single site in a mitochondrial mRNA.

doi: 10.1038/nature24456

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