Opening up peer review p.527

A transparent process to publish referees’ reports could benefit science, but not all researchers want their assessments made available.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06045-5


Feeling the pull of gravity p.527

Physicists are stripping uncertainty from the loosest fundamental constant — Big G.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06044-6



Massive £30-million grant will be awarded to one cardiovascular research team p.535

British Heart Foundation award is one of the largest single grants in medical research.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06068-y

米国政府の科学顧問として指名を受けたKelvin Droegemeierは上院での公聴会で、気候変動に関する自身の見解は明かさず。

Trump’s science-adviser pick hedges on climate change p.536

Meteorologist Kelvin Droegemeier offered few clues to his views on the topic when grilled at a US Senate hearing.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06019-7


India targets universities in predatory-journal crackdown p.537

But academics say government incentives to publish are part of the problem.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06048-2


United States woefully unprepared for nuclear strike, say scientists p.538

Health system lacks capacity to respond to attacks that use high-powered modern weapons.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06077-x


Physicists doubt bold superconductivity claim following social-media storm p.539

How excitement over claims of a high-temperature superconductor reached fever-pitch — and then died away.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06023-x

News Features


How to plant a trillion trees p.542


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06031-x

News & Views


Machine learning improves forecasts of aftershock locations p.556


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06030-y


Sequence of events in prostate cancer p.557


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06029-5


Role for the longevity protein SIRT6 in primate development p.559


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05970-9


Transcriptional speed bumps revealed in high resolution p.560


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05971-8


Gravity measured with record precision p.562


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06028-6


Improved nutrient use gives cereal crops a boost p.563


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05928-x



Subwavelength integrated photonics p.565

Subwavelength-grating metamaterial structures, their main operation principles and their implementation in integrated photonic devices are reviewed.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0421-7


The emergence of Zika virus and its new clinical syndromes p.573

The rapid development of cell culture and animal models has facilitated a new understanding of ZIKV biology and made it possible to generate multiple ZIKV vaccine candidates, which are advancing through clinical trials.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0446-y



Measurements of the gravitational constant using two independent methods p.582

The Newtonian gravitational constant is measured with two independent methods, yielding results with relative standard uncertainties of 11.6 parts per million—the lowest uncertainty reported until now.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0431-5


5-HT release in nucleus accumbens rescues social deficits in mouse autism model p.589

Stimulating the release of serotonin (5-HT) in the nucleus accumbens in wild-type mice promotes sociability, and rescues deficits in social behaviours in a mouse model of autism.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0416-4


Modulating plant growth–metabolism coordination for sustainable agriculture p.595

The balance of DELLA and GRF4 proteins in plants ensures the co-regulation of growth with metabolism and tipping this balance towards GRF4 leads to higher efficiency of nitrogen use.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0415-5

構造生物学:停止した転写複合体Pol II–DSIF–NELFの構造

Structure of paused transcription complex Pol II–DSIF–NELF p.601

The cryo-electron microscopy structure of a paused transcription elongation complex of RNA polymerase II bound to DRB sensitivity-inducing factor and negative elongation factor is reported at 3.2 Å resolution.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0442-2

構造生物学:活性化した転写複合体Pol II–DSIF–PAF–SPT6の構造

Structure of activated transcription complex Pol II–DSIF–PAF–SPT6 p.607

The cryo-electron microscopy structure of an activated transcription elongation complex of RNA polymerase II bound to DRB sensitivity-inducing factor and the elongation factors PAF1 complex and SPT6 is reported at 3.1 Å resolution.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0440-4



The gravitationally unstable gas disk of a starburst galaxy 12 billion years ago p.613

The molecular gas in the inner kiloparsec of a submillimetre-bright galaxy is clumpy and gravitationally unstable, collapsing to form stars at a rate that will deplete the gas in about 100 million years.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0443-1


Probing high-momentum protons and neutrons in neutron-rich nuclei p.617

Electron-scattering experiments reveal that the fraction of high-momentum protons in medium-to-heavy nuclei increases considerably with neutron excess, whereas that of high-momentum neutrons decreases slightly, in contrast to shell-model predictions.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0400-z


Resonant domain-wall-enhanced tunable microwave ferroelectrics p.622

The domain-wall structure and dynamics are found to enhance, rather than inhibit, the high-frequency performance of an intrinsically tunable material, obtaining ultralow loss and exceptional frequency selectivity.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0434-2


Sensitivity of atmospheric CO2 growth rate to observed changes in terrestrial water storage p.628

The growth rate of global atmospheric CO2 concentration is faster in drier years, independently of temperature; this relationship is underestimated in current carbon cycle models.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0424-4


Deep learning of aftershock patterns following large earthquakes p.632

Neural networks trained on data from about 130,000 aftershocks from around 100 large earthquakes improve predictions of the spatial distribution of aftershocks and suggest physical quantities that may control earthquake triggering.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0438-y


Fitness benefits and emergent division of labour at the onset of group living p.635

Experimental data from, and mathematical modelling of, colonies of the clonal raider ant Ooceraea biroi demonstrate that increases in group size generate division of labour among similar individuals, increased homeostasis and higher colony fitness.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0422-6


Global land change from 1982 to 2016 p.639

Satellite data for the period 1982–2016 reveal changes in land use and land cover at global and regional scales that reflect patterns of land change indicative of a human-dominated Earth system.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0411-9


A multi-cohort study of the immune factors associated with M. tuberculosis infection outcomes p.644

Integrated analyses of multiple cohorts are used to obtain a better understanding of the immune state of latent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and factors that mediate and/or predict transitions from latent infection to active disease.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0439-x


Allergic inflammatory memory in human respiratory epithelial progenitor cells p.649

Single-cell RNA sequencing is used to characterize cell types in nasal tissues from human patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, revealing a role for tissue stem cells in allergic inflammatory memory.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0449-8


RAP2 mediates mechanoresponses of the Hippo pathway p.655

The Ras-related GTPase RAP2 is a key intracellular signal transducer by which extracellular matrix rigidity controls mechanosensitive cellular activities through YAP and TAZ.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0444-0


SIRT6 deficiency results in developmental retardation in cynomolgus monkeys p.661

A cynomolgus monkey model deficient in SIRT6 protein exhibits severe retardation in prenatal development, in which neuronal differentiation is delayed by activation of the H19 long non-coding RNA.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0437-z

構造生物学:リガンドが遊離した状態にあるFrizzled 4の結晶構造

Crystal structure of the Frizzled 4 receptor in a ligand-free state p.666

The crystal structure of the Frizzled 4 receptor transmembrane domain is reported to a resolution of 2.4 Å in a ligand-free state.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0447-x

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