Research Abstract


Real-time observations of lithium battery reactions—operando neutron diffraction analysis during practical operation

2016年6月30日 Scientific Reports 6 : 28843 doi: 10.1038/srep28843



Sou Taminato, Masao Yonemura, Shinya Shiotani, Takashi Kamiyama, Shuki Torii, Miki Nagao, Yoshihisa Ishikawa, Kazuhiro Mori, Toshiharu Fukunaga, Yohei Onodera, Takahiro Naka, Makoto Morishima, Yoshio Ukyo, Dyah Sulistyanintyas Adipranoto, Hajime Arai, Yoshiharu Uchimoto, Zempachi Ogumi, Kota Suzuki, Masaaki Hirayama & Ryoji Kanno

Corresponding Author

菅野 了次
東京工業大学 物質理工学院 応用化学系

Among the energy storage devices for applications in electric vehicles and stationary uses, lithium batteries typically deliver high performance. However, there is still a missing link between the engineering developments for large-scale batteries and the fundamental science of each battery component. Elucidating reaction mechanisms under practical operation is crucial for future battery technology. Here, we report an operando diffraction technique that uses high-intensity neutrons to detect reactions in non-equilibrium states driven by high-current operation in commercial 18650 cells. The experimental system comprising a time-of-flight diffractometer with automated Rietveld analysis was developed to collect and analyse diffraction data produced by sequential charge and discharge processes. Furthermore, observations under high current drain revealed inhomogeneous reactions, a structural relaxation after discharge, and a shift in the lithium concentration ranges with cycling in the electrode matrix. The technique provides valuable information required for the development of advanced batteries.