Research Abstract


How dolphins see the world: A comparison with chimpanzees and humans

2014年1月16日 Scientific Reports 4 : 3717 doi: 10.1038/srep03717


友永 雅己1, 上野 友香2 & 斎藤 豊2

  1. 京都大学 霊長類研究所
  2. 名古屋港水族館
Bottlenose dolphins use auditory (or echoic) information to recognise their environments, and many studies have described their echolocation perception abilities. However, relatively few systematic studies have examined their visual perception. We tested dolphins on a visual-matching task using two-dimensional geometric forms including various features. Based on error patterns, we used multidimensional scaling to analyse perceptual similarities among stimuli. In addition to dolphins, we conducted comparable tests with terrestrial species: chimpanzees were tested on a computer-controlled matching task and humans were tested on a rating task. The overall perceptual similarities among stimuli in dolphins were similar to those in the two species of primates. These results clearly indicate that the visual world is perceived similarly by the three species of mammals, even though each has adapted to a different environment and has differing degrees of dependence on vision.