Research Abstract


Dynamic impact of temporal context of Ca2+ signals on inhibitory synaptic plasticity

2011年11月4日 Scientific Reports 1 : 143 doi: 10.1038/srep00143


川口 真也1, 長崎 信博1 & 平野 丈夫1

  1. 京都大学大学院理学研究科
Neuronal activity-dependent synaptic plasticity, a basis for learning and memory, is tightly correlated with the pattern of increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). Here, using combined application of electrophysiological experiments and systems biological simulation, we show that such a correlation dynamically changes depending on the context of [Ca2+]i increase. In a cerebellar Purkinje cell, long-term potentiation of inhibitory GABAA receptor responsiveness (called rebound potentiation; RP) was induced by [Ca2+]i increase in a temporally integrative manner through sustained activation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). However, the RP establishment was canceled by coupling of two patterns of RP-inducing [Ca2+]i increase depending on the temporal sequence. Negative feedback signaling by phospho-Thr305/306 CaMKII detected the [Ca2+]i context, and assisted the feedforward inhibition of CaMKII through PDE1, resulting in the RP impairment. The [Ca2+]i context-dependent dynamic regulation of synaptic plasticity might contribute to the temporal refinement of information flow in neuronal networks.