Research Abstract

ニッケルによる不斉非対称化を経由するフェノール類からの縮合三環式骨格の2段階合成 ブックマーク

Two-step synthesis of chiral fused tricyclic scaffolds from phenols via desymmetrization on nickel

2017年6月26日 Nature Communications 8 : 32 doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00068-8 (2017)


Ravindra Kumar, Yoichi Hoshimoto, Eri Tamai, Masato Ohashi and Sensuke Ogoshi

Corresponding Author

生越 專介
大阪大学大学院 工学研究科 応用化学専攻

Tricyclic furan derivatives with multiple chiral centers are ubiquitous in natural products. Construction of such tricyclic scaffolds in a stereocontrolled, step-economic, and atom-economic manner is a key challenge. Here we show a nickel-catalyzed highly enantioselective synthesis of hydronaphtho[1,8-bc]furans with five contiguous chiral centers via desymmetrization of alkynyl-cyclohexadienone by oxidative cyclization and following formal [4 + 2] cycloaddition processes. Alkynyl-cyclohexadienone was synthesized in one step from easily accessible phenols. This reaction represents excellent chemo-selectivity, regio-selectivity, diastereo-selectivity, and enantio-selectivity (single diastereomer, up to 99% ee). An extraordinary regioselectivity in the formal [4 + 2] cycloaddition step with enones revealed the diverse reactivity of the nickelacycle intermediate. Desymmetrization of alkynyl-cyclohexadienones via oxidative cyclization on nickel was supported by the isolation of a nickelacycle from a stoichiometric reaction. Enantioenriched tricyclic products contain various functional groups such as C=O and C=C. The synthetic utility of these products was demonstrated by derivatization of these functional groups.