Research press release


Scientific Reports

Mental health: Consuming traditional media has little impact on well-being

従来型メディア(書籍、音楽、テレビなど)を消費することは、成人の短期的な幸福感(well-being)にほとんど影響を与えないという研究結果を報告する論文が、Scientific Reports に掲載される。


今回、Niklas Johannesたちの研究チームは、新型コロナウイルス感染症(COVID-19)パンデミック(世界的大流行)が起こった2020年4月から5月にかけて、英国在住の成人(2159人)のメディア消費習慣と幸福感のレベルに関する研究を行った。この研究では、英国の代表サンプルを用いた調査によって集められたデータが用いられた。1週間単位の調査が6週間にわたって実施され、参加者は、調査の前の週に音楽、テレビ、映画、ビデオゲーム、本、雑誌、オーディオブックを視聴した時間と、調査の前日の幸福度と不安度を報告した。


Consuming traditional forms of media – including books, music and television – has little effect on short-term adult well-being, according to a new study published in Scientific Reports.

It is often assumed that engaging with traditional types of media improves well-being, while using newer types of media, such as social media, worsens well-being. However, evidence of traditional media consumption improving well-being has been lacking.

Niklas Johannes and colleagues studied the media consumption habits and well-being levels of 2,159 UK adults between April and May 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, using data collected via a nationally representative survey. Through weekly surveys, conducted over six weeks, participants reported the time they had spent engaging with music, television, films, video games, books, magazines and audiobooks during the previous week and their happiness and anxiety levels during the previous day.

The researchers found that those who consumed books, magazines or audiobooks had similar happiness and anxiety levels to those who did not, while those who engaged with music, television, films and video games tended to have lower happiness and higher anxiety levels than those who did not. However, those differences were small and not causal. Those with lower happiness and higher anxiety levels were also more likely to engage with music, television, films and video games, but not books, magazines or audiobooks. Despite the differences in well-being observed between users of different media forms, changes in the types of media participants consumed and the amount of time they spent engaging with traditional media did not predict substantial changes in anxiety or happiness levels. Together, the findings suggest that the overall impact of consuming traditional forms of media on short-term well-being are negligible.

doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-03218-7


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