Review Abstract


Transport of ions and electrons in nanostructured liquid crystals

2017年3月1日 Nature Reviews Materials 2 : 17001 doi: 10.1038/natrevmats.2017.1



Takashi Kato, Masafumi Yoshio, Takahiro Ichikawa, Bartolome Soberats, Hiroyuki Ohno & Masahiro Funahashi

Corresponding Author

加藤 隆史
東京大学 大学院工学系研究科化学生命工学専攻

The nanosegregated structures of columnar, smectic and bicontinuous cubic liquid crystals can provide well-organized, nano- and sub-nanosized 1D, 2D and 3D channels capable of ion and electron transport. The molecular shape, intermolecular interactions and nanosegregation of the molecular structures can influence their self-assembly into a range of functional liquid-crystalline nanostructures. The formation of stable and soft liquid-crystalline materials leads to their application as electrolytes for batteries and photovoltaics, semiconductors, electroluminescence and electrochemical devices. In addition, electrochemical devices are obtained by using redox-active liquid crystals. In this Review, we focus on the design of liquid-crystalline phases, the resultant self-assembled structures, the transport mechanisms, and the fabrication, function and future development of devices incorporating nanostructured liquid crystals.