Filthy air is a global disgrace p.285

Science can help to tackle air pollution with better models for monitoring and exposure.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06731-4

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Austrian agency shows how to tackle scientific misconduct p.285

A decade on from a major academic scandal, officials there have got their act together.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06733-2

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Clever chemistry offers new source of jet fuel p.286

Update of century-old chemical reaction could produce kerosene from biomass.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06732-3

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Australia has no climate-change policy — again p.293

Scientists say the country will now struggle to meet its commitments to the Paris agreement.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06675-9

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AI helps unlock ‘dark matter’ of bizarre superconductors p.294

Machine learning supports 20-year-old theory of electron behaviour in high-temperature superconductor.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06144-3

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Huge peer-review study reveals lack of women and non-Westerners p.295

Analysis of thousands of submissions to eLife journal shows that these groups are also under-represented as senior authors and editors.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06678-6

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The hidden lives of deep-sea creatures caught on camera p.296

Super-sensitive devices capture bioluminescent displays and other behaviours long shrouded in darkness.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06660-2

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Stand back, Aquaman: Harpoon-throwing satellite takes aim at space junk p.297

Experimental spacecraft will fling a net and shoot a spear at targets in space.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06674-w

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News Features


A new way to capture the brain’s electrical symphony p.300


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06694-6

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News & Views


Protein structures guide the design of a much-needed tool for neuroscience p.312


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06670-0

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Bird forecasting by radar p.314


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06688-4

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Timing the action of light on matter p.314


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06687-5

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Tissue ‘melting’ sculpts embryo p.315


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06108-7

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Reducing neuronal inhibition restores locomotion in paralysed mice p.317


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06651-3

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Short proton bunches rapidly accelerate energetic electrons p.318


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06669-7

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T cells engineered to home in on brain cancer p.319


doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05883-7

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Decoding the phase structure of QCD via particle production at high energy p.321

By analysing particle production in high-energy nuclear collisions, the phase boundary of strongly interacting matter is located and the phase structure of quantum chromodynamics is elucidated, implying quark–hadron duality.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0491-6

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A homing system targets therapeutic T cells to brain cancer p.331

Therapeutic T cells bearing ligands engineered to optimize adhesion and transmigration through the blood–brain barrier can be targeted to brain tumours.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0499-y

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Extensive sex differences at the initiation of genetic recombination p.338

Differential DNA methylation and the long-range effects of chromatin organization lead to pronounced differences in recombination landscape between males and females.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0492-5

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Crystal structure of the natural anion-conducting channelrhodopsin GtACR1 p.343

The crystal structure of anion channelrhodopsin-1 (ACR1) from the algae Guillardia theta provides insights into the basis of anion conductance.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0511-6

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Structural mechanisms of selectivity and gating in anion channelrhodopsins p.349

Crystal structures and molecular simulations of the designed anion-conducting channelrhodopsin iC++ provide molecular insights that enable structure-based design of channelrhodopsins with desirable properties for use as optogenetic tools.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0504-5

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天文学:中性子星の合体事象GW170817 における相対論的ジェットの超光速運動

Superluminal motion of a relativistic jet in the neutron-star merger GW170817 p.355

Emission from the radio counterpart of the gravitation-wave event GW170817 was powered by a wide-angle outflow at early times, but probably dominated by a narrowly collimated jet at later times.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0486-3

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A dynamically young and perturbed Milky Way disk p.360

An analysis of the motions of six million stars in the Milky Way disk reveals substructures such as snail shells and ridges, indicating that our Galaxy has been recently perturbed.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0510-7

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Acceleration of electrons in the plasma wakefield of a proton bunch p.363

Electron acceleration to very high energies is achieved in a single step by injecting electrons into a ‘wake’ of charge created in a 10-metre-long plasma by speeding long proton bunches.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0485-4

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Deterministic teleportation of a quantum gate between two logical qubits p.368

A teleported controlled-NOT gate is realized experimentally between two logical qubits implemented as superconducting cavity quantum memories, thus demonstrating an important tool for universal computation in a quantum modular architecture.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0470-y

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Absolute timing of the photoelectric effect p.374

The absolute timing of the photoelectric effect has proved difficult to measure, but the delay between photon arrival at a tungsten surface and ejection of photoelectrons has now been determined.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0503-6

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Superstructures generated from truncated tetrahedral quantum dots p.378

Truncated tetrahedral nanocrystals can self-assemble into one-, two- and three-dimensional superstructures.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0512-5

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Ice loss from the East Antarctic Ice Sheet during late Pleistocene interglacials p.383

Studies of an Antarctic marine sediment core suggest that the East Antarctic Ice Sheet retreated in the vicinity of the Wilkes Subglacial Basin during extended warm periods of the late Pleistocene, when temperatures were similar to those predicted to occur within this century.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0501-8

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Ancient herders enriched and restructured African grasslands p.387

Isotopic and sedimentary analyses of soils at Pastoral Neolithic archaeological sites in Kenya demonstrate the long-term influence of nutrient enrichment on savannah environments that has accompanied pastoralist settlement over the past three millennia.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0456-9

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A cortical filter that learns to suppress the acoustic consequences of movement p.391

Training of mice to associate a particular sound frequency with locomotion results in selective suppression of cortical responses to that frequency during movement, consistent with a motor-dependent form of auditory cortical plasticity.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0520-5

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Required growth facilitators propel axon regeneration across complete spinal cord injury p.396

Stimulating the intrinsic growth capacity of neurons and providing growth-supportive substrate and chemoattraction can allow axon regrowth across anatomically complete spinal cord injuries in adult rodents.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0467-6

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A fluid-to-solid jamming transition underlies vertebrate body axis elongation p.401

Cell collectives in embryonic tissues undergo a fluid-to-solid jamming transition, similar to those that occur in soft materials such as foams, emulsions and colloidal suspensions, to physically sculpt the vertebrate body axis.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0479-2

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Tracing HIV-1 strains that imprint broadly neutralizing antibody responses p.406

Similarity of antibody responses in HIV-1 transmission pairs reveals a significant impact of the virus genome on imprinting antibody responses.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0517-0

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Experimental and computational framework for a dynamic protein atlas of human cell division p.411

Quantitative live-cell imaging provides a dynamic protein atlas of mitosis.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0518-z

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生物工学:ゲノム規模で検出可能なオフターゲット変異がないin vivo CRISPR編集

In vivo CRISPR editing with no detectable genome-wide off-target mutations p.416

A strategy developed to define off-target effects of gene-editing nucleases in whole organisms is validated and leveraged to show that CRISPR–Cas9 nucleases can be used effectively in vivo without inducing detectable off-target mutations.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0500-9

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