top ten research highlights

The following highlights are the top ten most viewed research highlights on the English website of during the past month.

24 February 2019 ~ 26 March 2019

  • Infectious diseases: HIV-1 remission achieved in second patient

    Nature, March 5, 2019

    The second recorded case of a patient experiencing remission from HIV-1 infection after stem-cell transplantation is reported in a paper published this week in Nature. Although the patient has so far been in remission for 18 months, the authors caution that it is too early to say that the patient is ‘cured’ of HIV.

    There has only been one documented case in which a patient has b...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1027-4

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  • Scientific Reports: Television time and memory decline in older adults

    Scientific Reports, March 1, 2019

    In adults aged 50 and over, watching television for more than 3.5 hours a day may be associated with a decline in verbal memory, according to a study published in Scientific Reports.

    Daisy Fancourt and Andrew Steptoe investigated whether television viewing was associated with a decline in verbal memory (memory of words and language) six years later. The researchers used data from the En...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-39354-4

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  • Infectious diseases: Netting a new way to tackle malaria

    Nature, February 28, 2019

    Efforts to block malaria transmission could be boosted by treating bed nets with antimalarial drugs in addition to insecticides. This strategy, proposed in a study published online this week in Nature, may aid efforts to control malaria in areas with insecticide-resistant mosquito populations.

    One of the most effective methods to prevent malaria spread has been the use of bed nets spray...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-0973-1

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  • Biotechnology: Brewing up cannabinoids in yeast

    Nature, February 28, 2019

    Several major cannabinoids (chemical compounds found in cannabis) have been produced by genetically modified yeast, reports a paper published online this week in Nature. This work could lead to the efficient production of different types of cannabinoids, independently of cannabis cultivation.

    Specific cannabinoids have been approved as prescription drugs in several countries for treatin...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-0978-9

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  • Genetics: The source of sour citrus taste

    Nature Communications, February 27, 2019

    The genes associated with the sour taste of citrus fruits are identified in a paper published in Nature Communications this week.

    The sourness of a fruit depends on the acidity of the vacuole (a membrane-bound organelle found in plant cells). In most plant cells, the vacuole is moderately acidic because hydrogen ions are pumped into it. In the juice-producing cells of certain fruits, th...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-08516-3

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  • Chemistry: Converting carbon dioxide into carbon batteries

    Nature Communications, February 27, 2019

    The conversion at room temperature of gaseous carbon dioxide (CO2) into solid, carbon materials that could be used in energy storage, is demonstrated in a paper in Nature Communications this week. The research may have applications in the removal of CO2 from the atmosphere.

    Negative carbon emission technologies are critical for ensuring a stable future climate. However, the gaseous st...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-08824-8

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  • Ecology: Cooperative nest egg pays off for cuckoos

    Nature, February 28, 2019

    Eleven years of field data showing that female tropical cuckoos resort to breeding parasitically if they are unable to breed cooperatively is reported in a study published online this week in Nature.

    Cooperatively nesting birds are vulnerable to social parasites, which lay their eggs into host nests but provide no parental care. The greater ani (Crotophaga major), a tropical cuckoo, is ...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-0981-1

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  • Cancer: Stress hormones linked to breast cancer spread in mice

    Nature, March 14, 2019

    Breast cancer metastasis is shown to be associated with increased levels of stress hormones in a mouse study reported in Nature this week. In addition, a synthetic stress hormone derivative (used to combat the side effects of chemotherapy) is found to reduce the efficiency of a chemotherapy drug in mice. If these findings can be translated to humans, they may have implications for treatment cho...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1019-4

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  • Ocean heatwaves are more frequent and threaten biodiversity

    Nature Climate Change, March 5, 2019

    Marine heatwaves are increasing in frequency, with 54% more heatwave days per year from 1987-2016, than from 1925-1954, suggests a paper published online this week in Nature Climate Change. The study finds that these events vary in their physical manifestations, yet all affect key species and ecosystem structure and functioning.

    Regional case studies have documented how marine heatwav...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0412-1

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  • International trade decreases bird biodiversity worldwide

    Nature Ecology & Evolution, March 5, 2019

    Human population growth and economic expansion drove an increasing number of bird species towards extinction and reduced carbon storage worldwide between 2000-2011, finds a study published online this week in Nature Ecology & Evolution.

    Economic development and population growth create demand for agricultural and forest products, increasing the conversion of natural habitats into usea...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-0824-3

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