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Quiet flows the Perseus cluster

The Hitomi collaboration reports X-ray observations of the core of the Perseus cluster of galaxies — the brightest X-ray-emitting cluster in the sky. Such clusters typically consist of tens to thousands of galaxies bound together by gravity and are studied as models of both small-scale cosmology and large-scale astrophysical processes. The data reveal a remarkably quiescent atmosphere, where gas velocities are quite low, with a line-of-sight velocity dispersion of about 164 kilometres per second at a distance of 30–60 kiloparsecs from the central nucleus.

Nature Volume 535 Issue 7610

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