《自然》 目录

Editorials

News

What happened at March for Science events around the world p.404

Nature reported from marches in cities including Sydney, Washington DC and Paris, as people took to the streets in support of science.

Sara Reardon, Nicky Phillips, Alison Abbott, Barbara Casassus, Ewen Callaway, Alexandra Witze, Corie Lok & Emiliano Rodriguez Mega

doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21853

全文

News Features

News & Views

How to build a better dad p.418

Oldfield mice and deer mice differ in their parental care, most dramatically in the behaviour of fathers. A study reveals the genetic and neuronal contributions to variation in parental care. See Article p.4340

Steven M. Phelps

doi: 10.1038/nature22486

全文

Strangeness in the proton p.419

The proton can contain pairs of elementary particles known as strange quarks. The contribution of these particles to the proton's electric-charge distribution and magnetic moment has been determined.

Ross D. Young

doi: 10.1038/nature21909

全文

Unexpectedly early signs of Americans p.420

Humans are thought to have reached the Americas less than 15,000 years ago. But evidence of stone tool use on an animal carcass excavated in California points to a much earlier arrival of human relatives from the genus Homo. See Letter p.479

Erella Hovers

doi: 10.1038/544420a

全文

Severe weather in a warming climate p.422

During the past few decades, the Sahara Desert has become even hotter. Satellite observations suggest that this warming has led to a rise in the frequency of extreme storms in the Sahel region of West Africa. See Letter p.475

Chuntao Liu

doi: 10.1038/544422a

全文

A larger palette for biological imaging p.423

Biological molecules are often imaged by attaching fluorescent labels — but only a few label types can be used at a time. A method that could smash the record for the number of labels that can be used together is now reported. See Letter p.465

Charles H. Camp & Marcus T. Cicerone

doi: 10.1038/544423a

全文

Genomic compartments in barley p.424

A high-quality barley genome reveals a surprising compartmentalization of genes and repetitive sequences in chromosomes. This advance paves the way for improved genetic optimization of cereals. See Article p.427

Beat Keller & Simon G. Krattinger

doi: 10.1038/544424a

全文

Articles

A chromosome conformation capture ordered sequence of the barley genome OPEN p.427

The International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium reports sequencing and assembly of a reference genome for barley, Hordeum vulgare.

Martin Mascher, Heidrun Gundlach, Axel Himmelbach, Sebastian Beier, Sven O. Twardziok, Thomas Wicker, Volodymyr Radchuk, Christoph Dockter, Pete E. Hedley, Joanne Russell + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature22043

全文 |PDF

The genetic basis of parental care evolution in monogamous mice p.434

Parental care in mice evolves through multiple genetic changes; one candidate is vasopressin, the reduced expression of which promotes parental nest-building behaviour in monogamous mice.

Andres Bendesky, Young-Mi Kwon, Jean-Marc Lassance, Caitlin L. Lewarch, Shenqin Yao, Brant K. Peterson, Meng Xiao He, Catherine Dulac & Hopi E. Hoekstra

doi: 10.1038/nature22074

全文 |PDF

Structure and allosteric inhibition of excitatory amino acid transporter 1 p.446

High-resolution structures of the thermostabilized human excitatory amino acid transporter EAAT1, alone or in association with its substrate or small molecule inhibitors, reveal architectural features of human SLC1 transporters and an allosteric mechanism of inhibition.

Juan C. Canul-Tec, Reda Assal, Erica Cirri, Pierre Legrand, Sébastien Brier, Julia Chamot-Rooke & Nicolas Reyes

doi: 10.1038/nature22064

全文 |PDF

Letters

A universal model for solar eruptions p.452

Simulations of a solar coronal jet driven by filament ejection demonstrate that magnetic reconnection underlies the energy release, implying that a universal ‘breakout’ model explains both tiny jets and huge mass ejections from the Sun.

Peter F. Wyper, Spiro K. Antiochos & C. Richard DeVore

doi: 10.1038/nature22050

全文 |PDF

Predicting crystal growth via a unified kinetic three-dimensional partition model p.456

A general simulation approach that can replicate, and in theory predict, the growth of a wide range of crystal types, including porous, molecular and ionic crystals, is demonstrated.

Michael W. Anderson, James T. Gebbie-Rayet, Adam R. Hill, Nani Farida, Martin P. Attfield, Pablo Cubillas, Vladislav A. Blatov, Davide M. Proserpio, Duncan Akporiaye, Bjørnar Arstad + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature21684

全文 |PDF

Ultrastrong steel via minimal lattice misfit and high-density nanoprecipitation p.460

A method of producing superstrong yet ductile steels using cheaper and lighter alloying elements is described, based on minimization of the lattice misfit to achieve a maximal dispersion of nanoprecipitates, leading to ultimate precipitation strengthening.

Suihe Jiang, Hui Wang, Yuan Wu, Xiongjun Liu, Honghong Chen, Mengji Yao, Baptiste Gault, Dirk Ponge, Dierk Raabe, Akihiko Hirata + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature22032

全文 |PDF

Super-multiplex vibrational imaging p.465

Stimulated Raman scattering under electronic pre-resonance conditions, combined with a new palette of probes, enables super-multiplex imaging of molecular targets in living cells with very high vibrational selectivity and sensitivity.

Lu Wei, Zhixing Chen, Lixue Shi, Rong Long, Andrew V. Anzalone, Luyuan Zhang, Fanghao Hu, Rafael Yuste, Virginia W. Cornish & Wei Min

doi: 10.1038/nature22051

全文 |PDF

Abrasion-set limits on Himalayan gravel flux p.471

The amount of coarse gravel transported out of the Himalayan mountains by rivers is insensitive to catchment size, because the majority of gravel sourced more than 100 kilometres upstream of the mountain front is abraded into sand before it reaches the Ganga Plain.

Elizabeth H. Dingle, Mikaël Attal & Hugh D. Sinclair

doi: 10.1038/nature22039

全文 |PDF

A 130,000-year-old archaeological site in southern California, USA p.479

Evidence of mastodon bone modifications for marrow extraction and/or tool production, found in the presence of hammerstones and anvils that showed use-wear and impact marks, suggest the presence of Homo in North America around 130 thousand years ago.

Steven R. Holen, Thomas A. Deméré, Daniel C. Fisher, Richard Fullagar, James B. Paces, George T. Jefferson, Jared M. Beeton, Richard A. Cerutti, Adam N. Rountrey, Lawrence Vescera + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature22065

全文 |PDF

The earliest bird-line archosaurs and the assembly of the dinosaur body plan p.484

The archosaur species Teleocrater rhadinus, part of the new clade Aphanosauria, is an example of the earliest divergence of the avian stem lineage (Avemetatarsalia), the lineage that contains dinosaurs (including birds).

Sterling J. Nesbitt, Richard J. Butler, Martín D. Ezcurra, Paul M. Barrett, Michelle R. Stocker, Kenneth D. Angielczyk, Roger M. H. Smith, Christian A. Sidor, Grzegorz Niedźwiedzki, Andrey G. Sennikov + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature22037

全文 |PDF

Human umbilical cord plasma proteins revitalize hippocampal function in aged mice p.488

Treatment with plasma of an early developmental stage, human umbilical cord, revitalizes the hippocampus and improves cognitive function in aged mice.

Joseph M. Castellano, Kira I. Mosher, Rachelle J. Abbey, Alisha A. McBride, Michelle L. James, Daniela Berdnik, Jadon C. Shen, Bende Zou, Xinmin S. Xie, Martha Tingle + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature22067

全文 |PDF

SLAMF7 is critical for phagocytosis of haematopoietic tumour cells via Mac-1 integrin p.493

The identification of homotypic SLAMF7 interactions responsible for haematopoietic tumour cell phagocytosis by macrophages when the inhibitory receptor/ligand interaction of SIRPα/CD47 is blocked therapeutically.

Jun Chen, Ming-Chao Zhong, Huaijian Guo, Dominique Davidson, Sabrin Mishel, Yan Lu, Inmoo Rhee, Luis-Alberto Pérez-Quintero, Shaohua Zhang, Mario-Ernesto Cruz-Munoz + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature22076

全文 |PDF

High-avidity IgA protects the intestine by enchaining growing bacteria p.498

Kathrin Moor, Médéric Diard, Mikael E. Sellin, Boas Felmy, Sandra Y. Wotzka, Albulena Toska, Erik Bakkeren, Markus Arnoldini, Florence Bansept, Alma Dal Co + et al.

doi: 10.1038/nature22058

全文 |PDF