Volume 561 Issue 7723



Science can help to tackle air pollution with better models for monitoring and exposure.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06731-4


A decade on from a major academic scandal, officials there have got their act together.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06733-2


Update of century-old chemical reaction could produce kerosene from biomass.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06732-3



Scientists say the country will now struggle to meet its commitments to the Paris agreement.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06675-9


Machine learning supports 20-year-old theory of electron behaviour in high-temperature superconductor.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06144-3


Analysis of thousands of submissions to eLife journal shows that these groups are also under-represented as senior authors and editors.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06678-6


Super-sensitive devices capture bioluminescent displays and other behaviours long shrouded in darkness.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06660-2


Experimental spacecraft will fling a net and shoot a spear at targets in space.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06674-w

News Features


How voltage readings from individual neurons could power the next revolution in neuroscience.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06694-6

News & Views


The structures of anion-conducting channelrhodopsin proteins have been solved and used to develop a tool for optogenetics. Experts discuss what the structures tell us about ion conduction, and why the tool is needed.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06670-0


Bird migration is influenced by weather, making it hard to predict when birds will pass through a particular place on their route. A model that forecasts bird migrations has been developed using radar data and weather information.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06688-4


Photoemission, the ejection of an electron from a material on the absorption of a photon, is one of the fastest processes in nature. An experiment demonstrates how the dynamics of this process can be captured in real time.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06687-5


Collections of cells in the tails of zebrafish embryos have now been found to transition between behaving as solids and fluids. This transition is responsible for the head-to-tail elongation of the embryo.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06108-7


Spinal-cord injury can render intact neuronal circuits functionally dormant. Targeted reduction of neuronal inhibition in the injured region has now enabled reactivation of these circuits in mice, restoring basic locomotion.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06651-3


Experiments show that short bunches of protons can produce electric fields that are strong enough to accelerate energetic electrons compactly. This discovery could lead to miniaturized high-energy particle accelerators.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-06669-7


Immunotherapies activate T cells to destroy tumours, but the approach has failed in some brain cancers. A strategy to improve migration of T cells across the blood–brain barrier could overcome this limitation.

doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05883-7



By analysing particle production in high-energy nuclear collisions, the phase boundary of strongly interacting matter is located and the phase structure of quantum chromodynamics is elucidated, implying quark–hadron duality.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0491-6



Therapeutic T cells bearing ligands engineered to optimize adhesion and transmigration through the blood–brain barrier can be targeted to brain tumours.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0499-y


Differential DNA methylation and the long-range effects of chromatin organization lead to pronounced differences in recombination landscape between males and females.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0492-5


The crystal structure of anion channelrhodopsin-1 (ACR1) from the algae Guillardia theta provides insights into the basis of anion conductance.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0511-6


Crystal structures and molecular simulations of the designed anion-conducting channelrhodopsin iC++ provide molecular insights that enable structure-based design of channelrhodopsins with desirable properties for use as optogenetic tools.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0504-5



Emission from the radio counterpart of the gravitation-wave event GW170817 was powered by a wide-angle outflow at early times, but probably dominated by a narrowly collimated jet at later times.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0486-3


An analysis of the motions of six million stars in the Milky Way disk reveals substructures such as snail shells and ridges, indicating that our Galaxy has been recently perturbed.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0510-7


Electron acceleration to very high energies is achieved in a single step by injecting electrons into a ‘wake’ of charge created in a 10-metre-long plasma by speeding long proton bunches.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0485-4


A teleported controlled-NOT gate is realized experimentally between two logical qubits implemented as superconducting cavity quantum memories, thus demonstrating an important tool for universal computation in a quantum modular architecture.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0470-y


The absolute timing of the photoelectric effect has proved difficult to measure, but the delay between photon arrival at a tungsten surface and ejection of photoelectrons has now been determined.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0503-6


Truncated tetrahedral nanocrystals can self-assemble into one-, two- and three-dimensional superstructures.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0512-5


Studies of an Antarctic marine sediment core suggest that the East Antarctic Ice Sheet retreated in the vicinity of the Wilkes Subglacial Basin during extended warm periods of the late Pleistocene, when temperatures were similar to those predicted to occur within this century.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0501-8


Isotopic and sedimentary analyses of soils at Pastoral Neolithic archaeological sites in Kenya demonstrate the long-term influence of nutrient enrichment on savannah environments that has accompanied pastoralist settlement over the past three millennia.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0456-9


Training of mice to associate a particular sound frequency with locomotion results in selective suppression of cortical responses to that frequency during movement, consistent with a motor-dependent form of auditory cortical plasticity.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0520-5


Stimulating the intrinsic growth capacity of neurons and providing growth-supportive substrate and chemoattraction can allow axon regrowth across anatomically complete spinal cord injuries in adult rodents.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0467-6


Cell collectives in embryonic tissues undergo a fluid-to-solid jamming transition, similar to those that occur in soft materials such as foams, emulsions and colloidal suspensions, to physically sculpt the vertebrate body axis.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0479-2


Similarity of antibody responses in HIV-1 transmission pairs reveals a significant impact of the virus genome on imprinting antibody responses.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0517-0


Quantitative live-cell imaging provides a dynamic protein atlas of mitosis.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0518-z


A strategy developed to define off-target effects of gene-editing nucleases in whole organisms is validated and leveraged to show that CRISPR–Cas9 nucleases can be used effectively in vivo without inducing detectable off-target mutations.

doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0500-9