top ten research highlights

The following highlights are the top ten most viewed research highlights on the English website of during the past month.

28 May 2017 ~ 27 June 2017

  • Virology: Predicting disease spread from animals to humans

    Nature, June 22, 2017

    The potential of bats, primates and rodents to carry a large number of viral species that could be transmitted to humans is analysed in a study published in Nature this week. The work identifies factors that influence whether viruses can be passed from animals to humans, and provides a map of the geographic locations and mammals that are most likely to host novel threats to human health.


    Original article doi: 10.1038/nature22975

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  • Climate sciences: Clarifying climate plans in the Paris Agreement

    Nature Communications, June 7, 2017

    Ambiguity in pledges made to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement means that estimates of global greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 may vary by about 30% according to an analysis in Nature Communications. The study indicates that these uncertainties could be reduced by 10% by including some simple clarifications to improve the interpretation of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) pledged ...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/ncomms15748

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  • Animal behaviour: Neural circuit underlies a vole lotta love

    Nature, June 1, 2017

    The first comprehensive view of how social interactions can activate the reward systems in the brain that drive monogamous bonding is published online this week in Nature. Observations made in prairie voles, one of the few socially monogamous mammals, may help us to understand how specific patterns of brain activity can contribute to bond formation between two individuals.

    Adult pair-...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/nature22381

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  • Conservation: Human wealth and population growth threaten beasts and birds

    Nature, June 1, 2017

    The number of threatened species and the severity of their extinction risks are predicted to increase greatly over the next five decades, as human populations and incomes grow, according to a Review article in this week’s Nature Insight on biodiversity. However, proactive international efforts towards sustainable farming, reducing land clearance and protecting natural lands could preserve muc...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/nature22900

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  • Immunology: Human immune system matures in the womb

    Nature, June 15, 2017

    The human immune system matures in utero much earlier than was previously thought, suggests a paper published online this week in Nature. The finding marks a shift in our understanding of immune system development, and may provide insights into certain pregnancy-related conditions including gestational diabetes and recurrent spontaneous miscarriage.

    The developing human fetus is expos...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/nature22795

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  • Materials science: Tiny talkers use a chemical language

    Nature Communications, May 31, 2017

    Nanoparticles that talk to each other using chemical messengers are described in a study published in Nature Communications this week. This achievement may inspire future development of nanoscale computing and information processing.

    Living creatures use molecules to communicate; for example, many animals use pheromones to send alarm signals or attract mates, and neurons relay informa...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/ncomms15511

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  • Climate sciences: Extreme April heat in Southeast Asia

    Nature Communications, June 7, 2017

    April temperatures in mainland Southeast Asia reach record-breaking highs following El Nino years, reports a study published in Nature Communications this week. The research also suggests that global warming has increased the frequency of such extremes.

    April is the warmest month of the year in mainland Southeast Asia and average April temperatures in this region are showing an increa...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/ncomms15531

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  • Gender bias pervades science, even in space

    Nature Astronomy, May 27, 2017

    Astronomy papers with a woman lead author receive 10% fewer citations than similar papers with a lead author that is a man, reports a study published online this week in Nature Astronomy. The finding provides a clear indication that gender bias exists in the field of astronomy.

    Previous studies in other scientific fields have shown that papers with a female lead author receive lower r...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41550-017-0141

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  • Medicine: Flushing out cells alleviates fatty liver disease

    Nature Communications, June 14, 2017

    A new therapy to treat fatty liver disease, based on the elimination of ‘old’ (so-called senescent) liver cells, is demonstrated in mice in Nature Communications this week. The study finds that senescent liver cells promote the accumulation of fat in the liver and shows that drugs that selectively kill senescent cells can reduce liver disease in mice.

    The risk of developing non-al...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/ncomms15691

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  • Physics: Wireless charging on the move

    Nature, June 15, 2017

    A wireless power transfer system that can charge an LED bulb even as the bulb moves away from the power source is reported in this week’s Nature.

    Developments in wireless power transfer have paved the way for applications such as the powering of implantable medical devices and the wireless charging of stationary electric vehicles. However, it has been challenging to create a robust ...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/nature22404

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