top ten research highlights

The following highlights are the top ten most viewed research highlights on the English website of during the past month.

26 July 2019 ~ 25 August 2019

  • Engineering: Lightweight glove allows wearer to feel the shape of virtual objects

    Scientific Reports, July 19, 2019

    A lightweight glove that interacts with virtual reality to provide tactile feedback allows the wearer to feel and handle virtual objects. Details of the device are published in in a proof-of-principle study in Scientific Reports.

    Gloves that allow wearers to feel objects in virtual reality work by using sensors, which detect the wearer’s movements and actuators, which provide physical...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45422-6

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  • Ecology: Tamarins could help tropical forests recover

    Scientific Reports, July 26, 2019

    Tamarins, small monkeys that have a high tolerance to human disturbance of their habitat, may help tropical forests recover from deforestation, according to a study in Scientific Reports. Tamarins feed on fruit and may drop seeds from adjacent forests in deforested areas, enabling the growth of new plants and trees.

    Eckhard Heymann and colleagues used long-term ranging and feeding data ...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46683-x

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  • Microbiology: Levels of multidrug-resistant bacteria on frequently touched London surfaces probed

    Scientific Reports, August 2, 2019

    An assessment of multidrug-resistant bacteria levels in samples collected from the surfaces of general public areas ― such as London Underground stations and shopping centres ― and public areas in hospitals across London is reported in Scientific Reports.

    Hermine Mkrchytan and colleagues swabbed commonly touched surfaces in East and West London to compare levels of antibiotic-resist...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45886-6

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  • Medical research: AI may predict acute kidney injury before it happens

    Nature, August 1, 2019

    An artificial intelligence (AI) system is shown to predict acute kidney injury up to 48 hours before it occurs. The approach, described in a paper published in this week’s Nature, could help to identify patients who are at risk of health deterioration within a time window that may enable earlier treatment.

    An estimated 11% of deaths in hospital are attributed to the failure to quickly...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1390-1

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  • Environment: Impacts of nutritionally sound plant-based and meat diets analysed

    Scientific Reports, August 9, 2019

    By replacing meat with protein-conserving plant alternatives Americans could satisfy key nutritional requirements, while eliminating pastureland use and reducing 35-50% of the cropland currently needed for food production. These findings are reported in a modelling study in Scientific Reports, which suggests that use of nitrogen fertilizer and greenhouse gas emissions would also be reduced, whi...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46590-1

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  • Climate science: Recent warming events unmatched in the past 2,000 years

    Nature, July 25, 2019

    The speed and regional extent of global changes in temperature towards the end of the 20th century is far greater than other climate fluctuations over the Common Era (the past 2,000 years). These findings are reported in two papers in Nature and Nature Geoscience that examine temperature trends over the past two millennia.

    Climate variability over the past two millennia has been subje...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1401-2

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  • Technology: Data anonymization may be inadequate to protect privacy

    Nature Communications, July 24, 2019

    A method that can estimate whether a person can be re-identified from an incomplete, anonymized dataset is presented in Nature Communications. The paper suggests that current methods of anonymization and data sharing may be inadequate to protect individual privacy or satisfy requirements set by data protection laws, such as the European General Data Protection Regulation.

    Data science a...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10933-3

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  • The Milky Way’s formative years

    Nature Astronomy, July 23, 2019

    The Milky Way cannibalized a galaxy one-quarter of its mass ten billion years ago, according to a paper published online this week in Nature Astronomy. The research provides an accurate dating of Milky Way stars.

    Galaxies form and evolve hierarchically, with smaller galaxies merging to form bigger ones. The chemical makeup and kinematics of the Milky Way’s stars point to a significant...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41550-019-0829-5

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  • Microbiology: Support for the sterile womb hypothesis

    Nature, August 1, 2019

    Healthy human placentas are not colonized by microorganisms, according to an analysis of hundreds of placental samples published online in Nature this week. This research supports the longstanding ‘sterile womb’ hypothesis and also suggests that infection of the placenta is not a common cause of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

    It has long been thought that the human placenta is a steril...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1451-5

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  • Cancer: Methionine restriction may influence cancer therapy efficacy

    Nature, August 1, 2019

    Dietary restriction of the amino acid methionine can reduce tumour growth and improve the outcome of chemotherapy and radiation treatments in mice, according to a paper published online in Nature this week. In a proof-of-principle study in humans, a reduction in dietary methionine levels had a similar effect on metabolism to that seen in mice, which may suggest a conserved response between huma...

    Original article doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1437-3

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