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Three-qubit solid-state entanglement realized

Three-qubit solid-state entanglement realizedCredit: Joel Harper

Quantum entanglement, in which the states of two or more particles are inextricably linked, is a key requirement for quantum computation. In superconducting devices, two-qubit entangled states have been used to implement simple quantum algorithms. The availability of three-qubit states, which can be entangled in two fundamentally different ways (the GHZ and W states), would be a significant advance because they should make it possible to perform error correction and infer scalability to the higher numbers of qubits needed for a practical quantum-information-processing device. Two groups now report the generation of three-qubit entanglement. John Martinis and colleagues create and measure both GHZ and W-type states. Leonardo DiCarlo and colleagues generate the GHZ state and demonstrate the first step of basic quantum error correction by encoding a logical qubit into a manifold of GHZ-like states using a repetition code.

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