Quantum entanglement, in which the states of two or more particles are inextricably linked, is a key requirement for quantum computation. In superconducting devices, two-qubit entangled states have been used to implement simple quantum algorithms. The availability of three-qubit states, which can be entangled in two fundamentally different ways (the GHZ and W states), would be a significant advance because they should make it possible to perform error correction and infer scalability to the higher numbers of qubits needed for a practical quantum-information-processing device. Two groups now report the generation of three-qubit entanglement. John Martinis and colleagues create and measure both GHZ and W-type states. Leonardo DiCarlo and colleagues generate the GHZ state and demonstrate the first step of basic quantum error correction by encoding a logical qubit into a manifold of GHZ-like states using a repetition code.
- Preparation and measurement of three-qubit entanglement in a superconducting circuit (Letter p574, doi: 10.1038/nature09416)
- Generation of three-qubit entangled states using superconducting phase qubits (Letter p570, doi: 10.1038/nature09418)
Recent Hot Topics
Sign up for Nature Research e-alerts to get the lastest research in your inbox every week.