Building on the decade-long Census of Marine Life project, a new global analysis of data on the distribution of 11,567 marine species from 13 different taxonomic groups, including zooplankton, plants, invertebrates, fishes and mammals, reveals temperature as a main correlate of biodiversity across the various taxa, with generally higher diversity in warmer waters. Two further distinct trends emerge: coastal species show maximum diversity in the Western Pacific, whereas ocean-dwelling species peak in the mid-latitudes. This contrasts with the situation for terrestrial species, where biodiversity peaks in the tropics. [Letter p. 1098]
- Global patterns and predictors of marine biodiversity across taxa (Letter p1098, doi: 10.1038/nature09329)
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